Mission Indradhanush – By Ministry of Health & Family Welfare for UPSE CSE 2020 Prelims Exam
Government Schemes are an indispensable part of the UPSE CSE Examination, and no one can deny the fact that UPSC CSE prelims paper cannot be cleared without the diligent preparation of Government Schemes. There are direct questions on Government Schemes in UPSC CSE prelims paper. They act as fodder material in the mains and interview phases as well. Therefore, it is wise that a sincere aspirant considers it a high-priority area and prepare accordingly. In this article, we will talk everything about a major scheme rolled out by the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare – Mission Indradhanush. Read along to understand it better.
Mission Indradhanush: What is it all about?
- The scheme was launched in December 2014 to achieve full immunisation coverage for all children and pregnant women at a rapid pace.
- It was showcased during the Partner’s Forum held at New Delhi on 12th-13th December 2018, which was attended by around 1200 international and national delegates working on Maternal, New-born, Child and Adolescent health.
Mission Indradhanush: Goals
- To ensure full immunization with all available vaccines for children up to two years of age and pregnant women against seven vaccine preventable diseases.
- Diseases targeted are Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus, Polio, Measles, Severe form of childhood Tuberculosis, Hepatitis B, Meningitis and Pneumonia (Hemophilus influenza type B infections), Japanese encephalitis.
Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI)
- To further intensify the immunization programme, the Government launched the Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) on October 8, 2017. Through this programme, Government of India aims to reach each and every child up to two years of age and all those pregnant women who have been left uncovered under the routine immunisation programme/UIP.
- The special drive will focus on improving immunisation coverage in select districts and cities to ensure full immunisation to more than 90% by December 2018.
- The achievement of full immunisation under Mission Indradhanush to at least 90% coverage was to be achieved by 2020 earlier. With the launch of IMI, achievement of the target has now been advanced.
- Under IMI, four consecutive immunization rounds will be conducted for 7 days in 173 districts (121 districts and 17 cities in 16 states and 52 districts in 8 northeastern states) every month between October 2017 and January 2018. Intensified Mission Indradhanush will cover low performing areas in the selected districts (high priority districts) and urban areas. Special attention will be given to unserved/low coverage pockets in sub-centre and urban slums with migratory population. The focus is also on the urban settlements and cities identified under National Urban Health Mission (NUHM).
- Through UIP, Government of India is providing vaccination free of cost against vaccine preventable diseases include diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, polio, measles, severe form of childhood tuberculosis, hepatitis B, meningitis and pneumonia (Hemophilus influenza type B infections), Japanese encephalitis (JE) in JE endemic districts with introduction of newer vaccines such as rotavirus vaccine, IPV, adult JE vaccine, pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) and measles-rubella (MR) vaccine in UIP/national immunization programme.
This is an important scheme as per the syllabus of the UPSC CSE Exam and we have tried to cover all of its important aspects.
We can say that this is just the tip of the iceberg.
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